Proceedings of Digital Landscape Architecture, 2014

Adaptive Billboard Clouds for Botanical Tree Models

Adaptive Billboard Clouds for Botanical Tree Models

Julian Kratt1,   Liviu Cocconu2,  Timm Dapper2,  Jan Walter Schliep2,  Philip Dapper2,  Oliver Deussen1

1University of Konstanz, Germany
2Laubwerk GmbH, Germany


We present a framework for automatic Level-of-Detail control of botanical tree models based on hierarchical billboard clouds. These clouds react to quality measures developed specifically for plant models. They are optimized for providing minimum visual differences compared to the full polygonal models. The tree structure is analyzed to determine the geometric parts of the tree that are substituted by billboards. By computing the implicit surface of the tree model we can efficiently determine the average occlusion of each area within a tree that is used to guide the substitution. Our system is validated by comparing simplified versions of different trees with their full polygonal models. We realized our system as plug-in for MAXON CINEMA 4D.


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    title={Adaptive Billboard Clouds for Botanical Tree Models},
    year={2014}, isbn={978-3-87907-530-0},
    booktitle={Peer reviewed proceedings of Digital Landscape Architecture 2014 at ETH Zurich},
    editor={Hayek, Wissen},
    author={Kratt, Julian and Coconu, Liviu and Dapper, Tim and Schliep, Jan Walter and Paar, Philip and Deussen, Oliver}